4 thoughts on “What are the characteristics of Hanzhong”

  1. Hanzhong characteristic diet
    [black rice] the Shuixiang area of Yangxian county is the birthplace of black rice, a special rice species in China. After liberation, it was popularized in the whole county, with excellent quality, and was introduced and planted throughout the country. With black rice as raw material, Yangxian county and other places have built many food production enterprises such as black rice wine, beverages and fast food porridge. The products have won many international and domestic awards and are sold to markets at home and abroad. [slurry water surface] all parts of Hanzhong like to eat slurry water surface, especially the slurry water surface at yaoerguai in the south of the city. It tastes sour, spicy and fragrant, and has a unique style. Mustard (commonly known as hot and spicy vegetables) is the best dish of serous vegetables, or it is made of cabbage, celery, etc. the dishes are boiled in boiling water until they wilt, put into a earthen pot, add serous water soup, and the color of the dishes will turn golden yellow from one to two days. Then, add cooking oil and refined salt, add garlic sprouts, fry them, add scallion, ginger, pepper powder and other spices and tofu, and stew them into the fried serous vegetables as a flavor. The watered noodles are manually rolled, with page width, strip length and sheet thickness. Stir the cooked noodles with water and vegetables, and pour chili oil on them. Its color is red, white and yellow, and its entrance is sour, spicy and fragrant. It has an endless aftertaste, and has the effect of appetizing and strengthening the spleen. It is a famous flavor snack in Hanzhong. [vegetable tofu] also known as vegetable tofu porridge, it has a long history of production. It was originally a delicacy for guests and is now a popular food. Soak and grind the soybeans, filter the bean dregs with a fine basket or gauze, boil them, and then add the water and vegetable soup. When the bean curd is formed, filter out the bean curd and press it into pieces. Tofu is delicate in texture and green and white as jade. There are sour and sweet ways to eat: add the remaining sour water to rice porridge, and add the tofu when it is almost cooked. The porridge tastes sour and delicious; When boiled with white water and rice, add the tofu. The porridge tastes mellow and sweet. When eating sour tofu, it is accompanied by fried pepper, garlic puree, coriander and other auxiliary dishes, which are fragrant and refreshing, and the aftertaste is endless. Vegetable tofu has high nutritional value and is economical
    [dough] soak and grind rice, add water to make it thin and thick, steam it into thin slices, and cut it into thin strips after cooling. It has the characteristics of white, thin, light, tender, fine, soft, tough and fragrant. It is supplemented with bean sprouts, spinach, carrot shreds, sesame paste, chili oil, garlic juice or ginger juice, mustard, five spice powder, refined salt and other spices. After the cold mix, the red and green match each other, the yellow and white match each other, the color is bright, the food is refreshing, the smell is fragrant, and the flavor is unique. In addition to cold food, the dough can also be sliced, dried and fried. It is snow-white, crisp and charming, and can be comparable to shrimp slices at banquets; There are also fried, stewed and other eating methods. It is a local famous snack with unique local flavor. [red bean curd] it is produced in all counties of the city, and the most famous is the red bean curd in shangyuanguan Town, Chenggu County. It is made of high-quality soybeans, cut into an inch square, and fermented at constant temperature. It is soaked with 19 kinds of condiments such as salt, pepper, Daxiang, cinnamon, ginger, and Amomum villosum, and then dried. It is mixed with Daqu wine and hot sauce and sealed in the jar. It is buried underground. The temperature in the jar is adjusted by the natural temperature to make the second fermentation and stored for three years. The appearance is jujube red, and the inside is apricot yellow. It has the characteristics of soft, delicate, salty and spicy, mellow tail taste, refreshing fragrance and long aftertaste. In 1981, it was awarded the third place of the same kind of products at the national condiment evaluation meeting. [yellow rice wine] it is produced in Yangxian County, Chenggu County and other counties. Xiecun yellow rice wine in Yangxian county is the most famous. Xiecun yellow rice wine was brewed in the first year of Tongzhi in the Qing Dynasty (1862) and still enjoys a high reputation. Yellow rice wine is made of wheat as the starter, and more than 10 kinds of Chinese herbal medicines such as black medicine, gardenia, cinnamon, phellodendron, asarum, angelica, chrysanthemum, etc. are made into Wine Koji. It is refined and mellow, and the color is orange, bright and transparent. It is not only a good wine, but also can eliminate a variety of diseases. It is deeply loved by consumers. [pot tea] the traditional tea in Lueyang county includes water tea, oil fried tea, noodle pot tea, etc. the latter is the most distinctive. Put water in a small pot, put tea into it, and boil it on the fire; Add clear oil to the batter while cooking, and add seasonings and seasonings such as fennel, patchouli, ginger, salt, walnut, diced meat and egg white. In the early morning or when the guests come, they cook tea and eat as early as possible, refreshing and refreshing. This kind of tea was originally the living custom of the Diqiang people and has been handed down to this day. [Xixiang beef jerky] it is said that it has a history of more than 100 years. It is made of high-quality "Xizhen beef" meat as raw material and baked. The skin is brown or brown, the refined meat is peach red, the cut surface is shiny, crisp and delicious, and the protein content is high. It was once a delicacy for the State Council to entertain foreign guests. [Songhua changed egg] Xixiang County's traditional food has long enjoyed a good reputation. It is wrapped and pickled with pine and cypress branches. Its style is unique, the egg white part is transparent, and the pine flowers and cypresses are vaguely visible, with orange red, light red and brown red between them; The egg yolk has distinct layers, dark green, peach red and orange yellow, moderate saltiness and refreshing taste.

  2. 7. The origin of carrying and releasing hands
    the origin of carrying and releasing hands

    people at the junction of Shaanxi and Sichuan love to carry their hands behind their backs when walking. They also call going to the toilet as releasing hands: defecating is called releasing hands, and urinating is called releasing hands. Why are there such habits and terms? There is still a legend
    at the end of the Ming Dynasty and the beginning of the Qing Dynasty, after years of war, Sichuan and Shaanxi provinces were thousands of miles away and sparsely populated. The imperial court forced people from Huguang to move to Sichuan and Shaanxi. This is the famous "Huguang fills Sichuan, Sichuan fills Shaanxi"
    let's say that a large number of people in northern Sichuan are reluctant to move to other places because they are unable to leave their hometown. The officials cut their hands one by one and tied them with ropes. They were escorted by officials and marched across Daba mountain to Shaanxi in groups
    the people walked northward one by one, holding their breath and turning back in three steps. Like prisoners, they have no freedom of movement. When they need to defecate, they should first report to the police. After getting permission, they can temporarily untie the rope on their hands. Long stool time is called defecation, and short urination time is called urination. After urinating and defecating, tie your hands back to prevent escape
    as the saying goes, fire and water are merciless. There are a lot of people, and they eat soup and vegetables. On the way, either one or the other needs to be relieved. There are few officers and men. They are used to domineering, and they are very impatient. Sometimes the rope is not untied in time, and sometimes they simply do not move. The common people often dirty their pants. If the people have any complaints, they will be severely beaten, and many people will be tortured to death
    there is a man named Wang Gang among the people. He is upright, strong and strong, and has won the trust of everyone. He decided to take the lead in revolt. While he was sleeping at night, he secretly contacted everyone and discussed the secret code and action
    on the next day, a large group of people and horses led into a line and passed through tianchiliang at the junction of Sichuan and Shaanxi provinces. This is the main peak of Daba Mountain, with high mountains and dense forests. At noon, Wang Gang whistled. Everyone demanded to be relieved. The officers and men untied many people's hands one after another with swearing. Wang Gang whistled three more times. He took the lead and kicked the officer's head down the mountain. As soon as everyone rushed forward, the officers and men were unable to defend themselves and outnumbered. They were all pushed off the cliff and fed the wild animals
    when people are free, disasters will come. They did not dare to return to their hometown Sichuan, nor did they want to go to a new place, so they settled down in the old forest near tianchiliang. They built grass to make a living, slash and burn, and lived a life of high mountains and remote emperors. Because their hands were tied for a long time during the escort, the people here formed the habit of cutting their hands when walking. The name Jieshou has become natural. Thus, this custom has been handed down from generation to generation

    8 peculiar dowry pickled vegetables
    peculiar dowry pickled vegetables

    there is a saying in Hanzhong that "without pickled vegetables, a daughter's head is difficult to carry". According to local customs, pickles must be included in the dowry. When her daughter was 17 or 18 years old, her mother began to make "dowry dishes" for her daughter. The more varieties, the more brilliant the daughter looks. This custom is particularly particular in Nanhai, black tea, Huangguan and other districts of Nanzheng County
    "pickled vegetables" is a specialty of Bashan region in southern Shaanxi. It is pure in taste and bright in color. Anyone who has tasted it will be amazed by its delicacy. It has been said for a long time that "the opening of the altar is fragrant for ten miles, and the taste will last forever". This kind of dish is fine and has many varieties, such as spring wave, spring bud, fennel, and spring bamboo shoots. Because all the vegetables do not need to be cut, they are tied to the altar, so it is also called "the pickled vegetables". This kind of dish is not only a necessary item for dowry, but also a delicacy for guests. Among the dowries, the most brilliant ones are "pickle wine" and "pickle tea"
    "pickle wine" is a must-have in the wedding night "noisy room" ceremony. A variety of pickles are placed on the table, with wine, sugar, fruit and so on. The bridegroom and the bride sat together, and the girls and young men in the busy room sat in a circle, eating and drinking, and singing wedding songs. Eat "pickled tea" in the early morning of the second day of the wedding. First, the "dowry pickles" are put up, then the thick Bashan tea is soaked, and then the relatives and friends of both parties are invited to sit around the table, drink tea and taste tea. At the same time, relatives and friends also need to sing one by one to help the fun, such as:
    the sister's hand is good at the dowry,
    the assorted pickles Spray Fragrance;
    the old man does not feel pain after eating,
    the baby does not wet the bed after eating.
    the sister is virtuous and wise, and is industrious and thrifty,
    getting rich through work and building a home. "
    there is also a wonderful legend about the peculiar dowry pickled vegetables:
    one autumn, Chunxiang girl planted green vegetables in the garden early and did good work. She was ready to prepare green vegetables for her mother-in-law who had been ill for a long time, so that she could eat vegetables all year round. When winter goes and spring comes, the leaves of green vegetables grow green and the leaves are wide open; The spring fragrance has been pulled down one by one. In this way and another, we have tried again and again. How can we protect the green vegetables so that they are not yellow or rotten? But they failed again and again. Once, she found that the cooked vegetables could last for two or three days because of the salt in them. So she took a basket full of green vegetables, washed them in the river, dried them in the sun for half a day, then wiped them with salt, tied them with palm leaves, and put them in jars. After seven or seven or forty-nine days, she took it out of the jar again. Ho, a fragrance rushed into her nostrils. She tore some off and chewed it. It was delicious and tasted good. She jumped up happily and immediately took it and told her mother-in-law. When she tasted it, her mother-in-law's eyes narrowed with delight. The next year, when the vegetables grew taller, Chunxiang took out the pickles stored in the jar: fried them with oil and served them to her mother-in-law. Her mother-in-law happily said: "filial piety, filial piety... What a filial piety!"
    after the success of Chunxiang's long pickle, it was passed from one to another, and the villagers all came to see the rarity and learn the craft. Since then, more and more people have made pickled vegetables, and pickled vegetables have become people's favorite long-term food
    more than ten years have passed, and Chunxiang's daughter Lili has grown into a big girl. Before her marriage, Chunxiang specially prepared a jar of long pickled vegetables for her as a dowry, so that her daughter could go to her mother-in-law's house and show filial respect to her mother-in-law, so that her mother-in-law could eat green vegetables all year round. So green vegetables are also called kiss dishes
    since then, farmers in Daba Mountain have married their daughters, and parents have all followed Chunxiang's example and made a jar of long salted vegetables to accompany them. This local custom has been handed down from generation to generation

    9 Hanzhong's happy custom of housewarming
    Hanzhong's happy custom of housewarming

    China's urban and rural areas have always had the habit of moving on auspicious days. Since moving into a new house is a festive event, people will congratulate each other and become a custom over time, which is called "the joy of housewarming"
    the word "housewarming" comes from Xiaoya's logging chapter in the book of songs; "The felling of trees makes the birds chirp. It comes from the deep valley and travels through the trees.". It is translated into a modern saying: "when the trees are blowing, the birds in the forest are singing; the birds originally came from the deep valley and flew to live on the trees.". The new house is called "housewarming", which means that the birds fly away from the deep valley and move to the tall trees. It means that people can enjoy the spacious world and bright scenery when they move into the tall new house. This is indeed a happy event that makes people happy. No wonder relatives and friends are also happy and congratulated for it
    the custom of housewarming in Hanzhong still exists and has new development. Whenever a new house is built or a rented house is moved, there are greeting guests to celebrate. Especially in the newly built houses, when moving, we should choose the auspicious day and set up wine for guests, which is very lively. When new friends celebrate the room, they often bring drums and silk strings to sit and sing for fun. At the same time, they give couplets, leaflets, refreshments and other gifts to the host. Most of the contents of the single article are improvised poems or doggerel, written on red paper; Posted indoors to liven up the festive atmosphere

    10 taboos in Hanzhong dialect
    taboos in Hanzhong dialect

    taboos in Hanzhong people's speech: "burning fire" is said to be a fire or spreading fire. Because "burning fire" refers to the improper relationship between father-in-law and daughter-in-law
    it is also taboo to say "eat Guoba" and "shovel Guoba", and "eat Guoba" and "shovel Guoba" refer to the improper relationship between brother and sister-in-law. When guests come to Hanzhong's home for dinner, they can't let the host shovel the pot for you, let alone shovel it by themselves. It may cause jokes, or it may cause the host's disgust and expulsion
    father and son and brothers speak seriously and politely, but they tease each other regardless of occasions. In the countryside, it is often seen that grandsons and granddaughters of the same family call grandfathers who are all white as dog children, cow children, pig children, etc. the listeners laugh and do not care

    11 Hanzhong teahouses and tea customs
    Hanzhong teahouses and tea customs

    in addition to shops, customers come and go every day in both urban and rural areas of Hanzhong. Tea house is a good place for people to talk about business and meet friends. Many businessmen seek information in the name of drinking tea, discuss business, negotiate prices, and make deals. There are also farmers from far away who go to the city to do business, sit in the teahouse and rest for a while, and pour a bowl of tea to refresh themselves. As for those who have nothing to do with themselves, they are also frequent visitors to tea houses
    before and after liberation, the tea houses in Hanzhong had simple equipment, only tables and stools, stoves, kettles and tea sets. However, the shop owners were very courteous in attracting tea guests, with modest language and friendly attitude, making people feel at home. In recent years, some tea houses have newly set up chess, cards, pictorials, books and periodicals, broadcast news and music programs, or invited artists to tell stories, to enliven the cultural life of tea guests. This kind of art tea house adds the elegance of tea guests and is a brand-new tea custom, which is very popular
    in the countryside, every family is also a tea house. It not only develops the habit of drinking tea, but also forms the custom of "guests come to tea first". When the guests come to the door, the tea comes first, and they brew famous tea for the guests. Even the tea set is very particular. When offering tea, hold the cup with both hands, hand it gently, and greet it warmly, which is quite a tea ceremony
    with the popularization of cultural and scientific knowledge, people have a better understanding of the functions of drinking tea, such as quenching thirst, reducing food, clearing heat, reducing fire, and improving thinking. Those who do not drink tea also drink. Tea guests also summed up such a tea secret: ginger tea can cure dysentery; Sugar tea can soothe the stomach. Chrysanthemum tea can brighten the eyes, and scalding tea hurts the five internal organs. After dinner, eat together and drink tea to get drunk. Tea in the afternoon keeps the spirit, but it's hard to fall asleep at night. When drinking tea on an empty stomach, the heart is flustered. The tea left over the night hurts the spleen and stomach. Those who drink too much tea are yellow and thin, and those who drink light tea slowly grow old

    12 banquets and hospitality customs in Hanzhong
    banquets and hospitality customs in Hanzhong

    people in Hanzhong are hospitable and kind, and they should hold banquets for guests on birthdays, full moons, weddings and funerals. However, due to different things, the content of the banquet is also different. For funeral banquets, the food is simple and the wine is not prepared. They believe that it is unfortunate to have a funeral at home and should not drink alcohol. Hold birthday and full moon banquets, although drinking, do not order, let the old people have a quiet birthday, and do not let the loud orders frighten the baby. The "welcome banquet" is very different. It not only has a lot of food and wine, but also allows guests to drink happily, which is very likely to be drunk
    the wedding banquet is very particular. After the guests sit down, they first serve four plates of delicious cold dishes, four plates of dried fruits and one plate of melon seeds, which means "four seasons of spring" and "melon and fruit harvest". This period of drinking was extended for the sake of letting relatives and friends have a heart to heart talk
    the first course of the formal opening must be "red meat". No matter what kind of meat it is, no matter how it is done, as long as it is red, it means "a feast full of people". Followed by "family photo", which means "family reunion" and "sharing happiness". The third dish is "big eight treasure rice" or "eight treasure soup". Its ingredients are glutinous rice, lily, white fruit, red date, lotus seed, crystal and so on. There are eight kinds of raw materials, each with meaning. For example, red jujube and lotus seeds mean "early birth of precious children", Lily means "hundred years of harmony", and white fruit means "long life together". The first three dishes are not allowed to be fried. Because of fried and noisy, after these three dishes, you can serve them at will. But the last course must be fish. When there is no fish, it can be used as a "fake fish" instead, taking the good meaning of "auspicious and abundant". At this kind of banquet, each dish is also reported by "Mr. singing ceremony", saying four words and eight sentences, such as "red meat on the table"! Mr. Li then took up the singing and said:
    hang a red light and wear red colors,
    the red banquet in the red wedding door is open
    he Hongxi, relatives and friends,
    the whole hall is filled with happiness.

  3. The ancient battlefield of the Three Kingdoms, the hometown of Zhang Qian, the pioneer of the Silk Road, has a long history. It has rich cultural heritage, beautiful mountains and rivers, numerous snacks, rich tourism resources, less pollution, good air quality and mild climate. It is the breeding base of Oriental gemstone Crested Ibis and the birthplace of Han River

  4. Hanzhong Yangxian black rice, Yangxian black rice is one of the earliest high-quality rice in China. Black rice has a long history of cultivation and is an ancient and precious rice variety in China. It is said that during the reign of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty more than 2000 years ago, Zhang Qian, the Marquis of Bowang, first discovered it in Yangxian County, Shaanxi Province.

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